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A Water Science and Policy Center Seminar: Fri. 3/31 12pm - OSL 240

A Water Science and Policy Center Seminar: Fri. 3/31 12pm - OSL 240

A Water Science and Policy Center Seminar: Fri. 3/31 12pm - OSL 240

“Conjunctive Use when Groundwater Access is Constrained:
The Case of Pakistan ”

Dr. Anita Chaudhry
California State University, Chico
March 31, 2014
Orbach Science Library, Room 240, 12:00-1:30pm
Abstract:  The goal of this paper is to understand groundwater’s contribution to agricultural production in a
surface water irrigation system when access to groundwater may be constrained for some farmers. In cases
with limited or constrained groundwater access, water inequalities may increase and agricultural productivity
may be skewed toward wealthier farmers. This paper tests this claim using data from Pakistan. The empirical
methodology adopted relies on exogenous variation in groundwater quality and endogenous variation in
tubewell ownership and farmers’ self-reported status of being water-constrained. I show that there are im-
portant farmer-specific reasons that determine access to groundwater. Groundwater quality and location in the
irrigation system matters, but farmers with larger land holdings are more likely to own a tubewell as well as
less likely to be water constrained. These differences translate into higher agricultural production for tubewell
owners, even after controlling for groundwater quality and canal water supply.
About the Presenter:  Anita did her undergraduate work at the Lahore University of Management Scienc-
es in Pakistan before heading off to Los Angeles in the summer of 2000 to pursue graduate studies in econom-
ics at the University of Southern California. She then spent a year and a half across the country at Storrs, Con-
necticut and earned a second Masters degree in agricultural and resource economics from University of Con-
necticut.  Anita is interested in environmental and natural resource problems especially as they relate to eco-
nomic growth and development.  Her doctoral work and current research interest is related to water scarcity
and economic development.  She has worked on research and economic development projects in India, Nige-
ria, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan.
 Light refreshments will be served

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