Background Sources in Print
There are many specialized encyclopedias, indexes, and other reference sources with information about the Civil Rights Movement in America. These sources cannot be checked out. They are located in the Reference area on the 1st Floor of Rivera Library. Encyclopedia articles give an overview of a topic. Browsing through them can give you ideas for your research focus. Most provide a bibliography of sources that can give you a jump start on your research. Here is a sampling:
Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America
|Ref. E185.61.E544 1998|
|The Civil Rights Movement: an Eyewitness History||Ref. E185.61.W548 1993|
The Civil Rights Movement
|Ref E185.61.L519 1998|
|Encyclopedia of African American Civil Rights||Ref E185.61.E54 1992|
American Civil Rights Almanac (2 vols.)
|Ref JC599.U5E54 1999|
|Civil Rights in America 1500 to the Present||Ref JC599.U5S53|
|Encyclopedia of African American Religions||Ref BR563.N4E53|
|Racial and Ethnic Relations in America (3 vols.)||Ref E49.R33 2000|
|Reference Library of Black America||Ref E185.P56 1990|
Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics
|Ref E184.A1E574 2000|
|Civil Rights in the United States (2 vols.)||Ref E184.A1C47 2000|
|American civil Rights: Primary Sources||Ref E184.A1A56 1999|
|Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America: Primary Documents||Ref E184.A1G15 1999|
Documentary History of the Modern Civil Rights Movement
|Ref E185.61.D64 1992|
|The Muslim Almanac||Ref BP40.M83 1996|
|Black Women in America||Ref. E185.86 N68 1999|
To find BOOKS at UCR, use the SCOTTY catalog:
Search by keyword for materials on a particular topic.
To retrieve variations of a word, use *
Example: freedom ride* will retrieve freedom rides, freedom riders
Narrow your search by using subject headings and / or by limiting by year, language, books only.
Remember, a "subject" search must use official "subject headings". Here are some examples:
Civil Rights Movements--United States
Civil Rights Movements--United States--Sources
Civil Rights Workers--United States
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Black Panther Party
Congress of Racial Equality
United States--Race Relations
King, Martin Luther, Jr.
Use the California Digital Library's MELVYL Catalog to locate books at other UC campus libraries.
To find SCHOLARLY JOURNAL and MAGAZINE articles, use a periodical index / database:
Academic Search Complete: 1984 - present contains references to both scholarly journals and popular magazines. It's a good, general-purpose database when getting started looking for articles on a topic.
Then try: America, History and Life and Arts & Humanities Citation Index - indexes scholarly journals from 1975.
Search for information in one or more of the specialized databases, depending upon your topic:
Sociological focus: Sociological Abstracts
Political Science focus, check our Databases by Subject Page for: PAIS (Public Affairs Information Service)
Relating to women, check our Databases by Subject Page: Ethnic & Women/Gender Studies
Primary Source Materials:
|Index to Periodical Articles by and About Negroes (1960-1972)||Ref. AI3.O432|
|Index to Periodical Articles by and About Blacks (1973-1983)||
Index to Black Periodicals (1984-2000)
|Pittsburgh Courier (1923-1974)||Microfilm (Rivera basement)|
|New York Times Index||Ref. AI21.N44|
|New York Times Personal Name Index(1851-1974)||Ref. AI21.N442|
|Kaiser Index to Black Resources (1948-1986)||Ref. Z1361.N39 K34 1992|
To find relevant websites:
Begin your Web surfing from a good "mega-site":
History Net has a section on the civil rights movement: http://afroamhistory.about.com/cs/civilrights/
Yale University New Haven Teachers Institute: "American Women who shaped the Civil Rights Movement Explored through the Literature of Eloise Greenfield: http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1997/3/97.03.10x.html
Civil Rights Documentation Project includes bibliographies, oral history transcripts and a civil rights timeline: http//www-dept.usm.edu/~mcrohb/
. . . or . . .
do a SPECIFIC search in an Internet search engine (Google, HotBot, Northern Light, etc.)
For more research assistance, including guides for citing sources, check out the Research Help page.
One final note, Reference Librarians are here to consult with you. PLEASE ask us for assistance if you get stuck or confused at any point in the research process!