In Text Citation- Within the text, references should be cited by giving the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication of the reference. The year should always be enclosed in parentheses; whether or not the name of the author(s) should be enclosed within the parentheses depends on the context. The two possibilities are illustrated below:
It was shown by Prusa (1983) that the width of the plume decreases under these conditions. or
It has been shown that the width of the plume decreases under these conditions (Prusa, 1983).
In the case of two authors, the last names of both authors should be included in the citation, as shown in the above examples, with the word "and'' separating the two authors.
In the case of three or more authors, only the last name of the first author of the reference should be included, as shown in the above examples, with the other authors being denoted by "et al.''
In the case of two or more references with the same author(s) and with the same year of publication, the references should be distinguished in the text by appending a lowercase letter "a'' to the year of publication of the first cited, a letter "b'' to the second cited, etc. The references should follow the examples shown above.
List of References - References to original sources for cited material should be listed together at the end of the paper; footnotes should not be used for this purpose. References should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the last name of the author, or the last name of the first-named author for papers with more than one author. Each reference should include the last name of each author followed by his initials.
(1) Reference to journal articles, papers in conference proceedings, or any other collection of works by numerous authors should include:
year of publication
full title of the cited article
full name of the publication in which it appeared
volume number (if any)
inclusive page numbers of the cited article
(2) Reference to textbooks, monographs, theses, and technical reports should include:
year of publication
full title of the publication
city of publication
inclusive page numbers of the work being cited
In all cases, titles of books, periodicals, and conference proceedings should be underlined or in italics. A sample list of references in which these forms are illustrated follows.
Sparrow, E. M., 1980a, "Fluid-to-Fluid Conjugate Heat Transfer for a Vertical Pipe - Internal Forced Convection and External Natural Convection,'' ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 102, pp. 402-407.
Bejan, A., Heat transfer. New York : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., c1993.
Tung, C. Y., 1982, "Evaporative Heat Transfer in the Contact Line of a Mixture,'' Ph.D. Thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY.
Most of the information on this page was taken from:
(No date). References [Online]. ASME. Available: http://www.asme.org/pubs/authors/ [1999, April 9].