The Research Process: Step 1
Beginning

1. Choose a Topic & Formulate a Question

  Example:

General Topic

Search Strategy Tip 1:

Use * to replace a letter or letters in a word.

Violence

Narrowed Topic

Media

Research Question

What is the effect of violence in the media on children?


2. Identify Keywords

  Example:

Keyword 1

Keyword 2

Keyword 3

violence

media

children

Search Strategy Tip 2:

AND versus OR
 
AND: all words must appear. Fewer results.

OR: either or both terms will be found. More results.


3. Develop Synonyms

  Example:

Keyword 1- Synonyms

Keyword 2- Synonyms

Keyword 3- Synonyms

aggressiveness

television

teenagers

criminal behavior

video games

adolescents

hostility

movies

youth

 

internet

 


4. Create a Search Strategy

Search Strategy Tip 3:

Using parentheses to create complex queries.

Like: media and violence and (child or children)

  Example:

Basic search strategy:

violence and media and children

Advanced search strategy:

(violence or aggressi*) and (media or television) and (child* or youth)



Last modified: 2/4/2008 11:00 AM by C. Cicchetti