Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity

There are 6 Ways to Plagiarize:

Learn how to avoid plagiarism

  1. Fraud: Turning in another's work as your own. Outright copying.
  2. Borrowing: Failure to quote or cite another's work
  3. Patchwriting: Using an author's work with synonyms, with or without citing.
  4. Contextual fraud: Deliberately changing words in order to change the meaning.
  5. Too much help: using a tutor or skilled writer to substantially re-write your work.
  6. Inadvertant plagiarism: Not knowing about the need to cite and quote, or not knowing how to cite and quote.

Crawford, C.B. (2006) Types of Plagiarism Retrieved 11/30/2006 from University of Michigan. (2002) Resources for Instructors. Retrieved 11/30/2006 from
University of California, Riverside (2004) Retrieved 11/30/2006 from



Brumfiel, G., et al. (2007). Misconduct? It's all academic. Nature, 445, 240.
Caesar, E. (May 4, 2006). The man who fooled America. The Independent, 1.
Johnson, M. (March 11, 2007). A degree in cut and paste. Sunday Times, London, 4.
Martinson, B.C., Anderson, M.S. & de Vries, R. (2005). Scientists behaving badly. Nature, 435, 737-738.
Plumb, T. (April 30, 2006). Schools set mouse traps for copy cats. The Boston Globe, 1.

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This exhibit was created on November 9, 2007 and  designed by Debbi Renfrow, Geetha Yapa, Mary Miller and Margaret Hogarth

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Last modified: 8/5/2009 2:40 PM by C. Martone

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