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The Fifth Annual California Water Symposium

The Fifth Annual California Water Symposium

Saturday 9 May 2009
112 Wurster Hall
University of California, Berkeley

This symposium presents results from graduate student research in hydrology applied to environmental restoration and conservation in California. It includes a panel discussion by experienced professionals who comment on the student research papers and the broader themes raised.

The symposium is free and open to the public.Sponsored by the Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning (Beatrix Farrand and Childs Funds), and the Water Resources Collections and Archives.

SCHEDULE

845a Keynote: Innovations in treatment wetlands for copper removal and wildlife habitat / Alex Horne

930a  Student Research Presentations

  • Water Management & Policy Challenges to Coho Recovery in Coastal California Watersheds / Chris Alford
  • Streamflow and Sediment Effects on Juvenile Coho and Benthic Macroinvertebrates of Lagunitas Creek, Marin County, California / Joanie Ball, Sibyl Diver, Jason Hwan
  • Barriers for Steelhead Smolt Migration through the Lower Flood Channel of Alameda Creek / Kristina Yoshida
  • Reservoir Management in Mediterranean Climates through the European Water Framework Directive / Clare O’Reilly, Rafael Silberblatt
1045-1100 Coffee Break
1100a  Student Research Presentations
  • The Water-Wise Vegetable Garden: An Analysis of the Potential for Irrigation through Rainwater Harvesting in Sunny Northern California / Elisabeth Esterer-Vogel, Adrienne Smith
  • Educative Waterscapes: Stormwater Management Design in San Francisco’s Public Schools / Hayley Diamond, Andrea Gaffney
  • Soil, Sand, Peat, Anthracite and Felt: Green Wall Stormwater Detention in San Francisco / Eleanor Pries
12-1230p Panel discussion: Shay Boutillier (Tahoe Regional Planning Agency), Barry Hecht (Balance Hydrologics), Alex Horne (Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCB, emeritus)
1230-130p Lunch Break
130p Student Research Presentations
  • A Stormwater Solution for the Oakland Coliseum Complex /Jesse Jones, Rachel Kraai
  • San Francisco Bay Area Rain Garden Soil Specifications: Implications for Mediterranean Climates / Bojana Anglin
  • Updating the Rantz 1982 Flood Frequency Relations for the San Francisco Bay Area / John Del Arroz
  • Changes in Flood Management along the Pajaro River: A Transition to Watershed Management Approaches and Lessons from the European Union / Stacie Jagger
  • Perverse Incentives in Floodplain Management: 1998 Levee Construction in North Stockton / Bruce Barnett
  • Indefinite Deferral: Imagining Salinas Valley’s Subterranean Stream / Daniel Sarna
  • The Water-Energy Nexus: Costs of Inter-Basin Water Conveyance / Laura Tepper
  • Climate Change and Water Resources in California: The Cost of Conservation versus Supply Augmentation for the East Bay Municipal Utility District / Bessma Mourad
330-400p  Panel discussion: Holly Cronin (Dept Water Resources), Neil Lassettre (Stillwater Sciences)

ABSTRACTS

Water Management and Policy Challenges to Coho Recovery in Coastal California Watersheds / Chris Alford
Planners, policy makers, and land managers of California’s coastal watersheds face great challenges when it comes to managing water availability to meet diverse water supply and ecosystem management objectives. While all watersheds in Mediterranean climates face the predicament of human water use demand (particularly for agriculture) being inverse to the seasonal period in which water is most abundant; coastal watersheds face additional constraints due to their own unique geologic characteristics and often limited watershed management resources. In addition to the concern for meeting adequate water supplies for human consumption in coastal watersheds, there is a need to maintain instream flows in order to ensure the viability of stream-related fish and wildlife resources. Interests in restoring populations of the state and federally listed coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) have been a major driver in both regulatory and voluntary efforts to protect and manage instream water quality and quantity in coastal watersheds in Northern California. While legislation required the Department of Fish and Game to establish instream flow requirements for priority watersheds for State Water Resources Control Board consideration by July 1989 (PRC § 10000-10005), the most appropriate method in which to determine minimum instream flows is still widely debated and the effective implementation of these requirements from both a physical and regulatory standpoint have yet to be fully realized. In my review of existing California water law and regulatory agency documents pertaining to instream flows I found a variety of conflicts relating to water rights and weaknesses in the ability to adequately assess or regulate actual water use. The recently prepared Draft State Water Board Policy for Maintaining Instream Flows in Northern California Coastal Streams provides some of the most progressive policy measures for maintaining instream flows, however it does not address existing critical needs for summer instream flows as its scope is currently limited to winter diversions and only targets water rights applications that have yet to be approved. While water regulation and water rights are likely to continue to a contentious issue in California, there are precedents elsewhere, such as the European Union’s Water Framework Directive, that may provide some guidance for developing policy and management strategies that balance human and environmental water use. Additionally, there are a variety of programs that both governmental agencies and non-profits have developed that involve creative strategies for providing critical instream flows while working within California’s current water law framework.

Streamflow and Sediment Effects on Juvenile Coho and Benthic Macroinvertebrates of Lagunitas Creek, Marin County, California / Joanie Ball, Sibyl Diver, Jason Hwan
Streamflow and sediment composition are two dominating factors in shaping the composition of biological communities and interactions in stream ecosystems. The Lagunitas Creek watershed in Marin County, California provides some of the best habitat for endangered coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in the southern part of their range. Therefore, local and federal agencies have collected numerous years of data, including flow, sediment conditions, endangered salmonid densities, and one year of macroinvertebrate biological assessment data. Using the long-term data to analyze flow impacts on juvenile coho salmon in Lagunitas Creek and its tributary San Geronimo Creek, we found that winter peak flows have different effects in these two streams. In Lagunitas Creek, summer juvenile densities had a negative relationship with peak flow (P = 0.010), whereas in San Geronimo Creek, redd abundance ( P = 0.007) better explained juvenile density variation than did peak flows (P = 0.176). Although macroinvertebrate prey was not a limiting factor for juvenile coho in 2001, coho density was associated with significant declines in the percentage of vulnerable macroinvertebrates at sample locations (P = 0.034). We also found evidence of threshold relationships between local sediment conditions and coho densities in the Lagunitas system. San Geronimo Creek has relatively high densities of juvenile coho, despite local evidence of excess nutrients, fecal coliforms, and elevated temperature from the 2001 bioassessment. Analyzing fourteen years of qualitative sediment accumulation observations from Lagunitas tributaries, we found that 1) regular sediment inputs from tributaries could be impacting local habitat quality and require an investigation of sources, and 2) lag time in sediment delivery from local tributaries suggests that localized sediment accumulation may occur in years immediately following high flows. Our field survey of 2009 physical habitat conditions at the bioassessment site, LAG220 found that overall substrate conditions have improved since 2001. To further evaluate interactions among flow, sediment, coho, and invertebrates in Lagunitas, we suggest using a GIS model to evaluate data at multiple reach scales.

Barriers for steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) smolt migration through the lower flood channel of Alameda Creek / Kristina Cervantes-Yoshida
Alameda Creek is one of the few remaining streams in the San Francisco Bay Estuary that has the potential to regain a viable steelhead trout population (Oncorhynchus mykiss). While great effort is underway to remove large barriers throughout the watershed, lesser known are the impacts of smaller structures in the lower reaches. The objective of my study was to determine if a decommissioned rubber dam, a check dam, and a temporary sewage pipe crossing impeded movement and/or created conditions that were unfavorable for outmigrating steelhead smolt during low flow periods. For the study I gathered data on temperature, depth, and channel form. The results showed that the rubber dam created inhospitable conditions of < 0.1 ft depth and water temperature of 20? C across a 55 ft flat cement surface. Although the check dam and the sewage pipe crossing were less restrictive for smolt passage, all of the structures created environments that increased the risk of smolt predation. These inhospitable conditions were likely exacerbated by low flows. Gauge data from the past 30 years showed that low flows are common throughout the smolt migration period in the lower reach of Alameda Creek; therefore indicating the conditions observed in this study were not uncommon. Overall, the results suggest that modification or complete removal of these structures is the most viable solution to improve smolt migration success during low flow periods.

Reservoir Management in Mediterranean Climates through the European Water Framework Directive / Clare O’Reilly, Rafael Silberblatt
While the problem of sedimentation slowly filling dams and reservoirs is universally innate to the structures, it is especially significant in Mediterranean climates that rely on reservoir storage to mitigate out-of-phase water availability and demand. Reservoirs and their impounding structures have significant impacts in-stream and riparian ecosystems. Several preventative and mitigation measures have been designed by engineers to limit sediment accumulation and the ecological impacts of reservoirs. Dam removal has been documented to have significant environmental benefits for restoration of aquatic ecosystems and native fisheries but may also lead to eroded floodplains, impaired downstream habitat (due to increased pollution or smothering of spawning gravels) and loss of flood control capacity. The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) establishes goals and guidance for achieving "good ecological status" for surface water bodies. Water bodies with dams and/or reservoirs are categorized as Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWB). This distinction means that instead of "good ecological status", the environmental objective for HMWB is "good ecological potential", which is not clearly defined in WFD guidance but which must nonetheless be achieved by 2015. As a member state to the WFD and a country with a Mediterranean climate, reservoir management in Portugal is undergoing several changes. We examine how WFD management guidance for reservoirs and their ecological status is currently being considered throughout Europe and in Portugal specifically.

The Water-Wise Vegetable Garden: an analysis of the potential for irrigation through rainwater harvesting in sunny northern California / Elisabeth Esterer-Vogel and Adrienne Smith
In drought-prone northern California, homeowners can collect rainwater to irrigate their water-intensive summer vegetable gardens. Rainwater harvesting requires a three-part system: a method of collection (commonly the roof), a form of storage (cistern) and a method of distribution (a pump, filter and soaker hose are proposed here). To optimize and properly size a rainwater harvesting system, homeowners should consider both their rainwater supply and their garden’s water demand. Gardeners can reduce demand by planting early to take advantage of spring rains and by grouping crops according to irrigation needs. The authors analyze the water use of a sample garden, which they adapt to both Berkeley and Sacramento. In both of these cities, one can collect more than enough rainwater to support a small vegetable garden. As a result, an individual homeowner’s water supply is more likely to be limited by storage capacity than rainfall. Ultimately, although rainwater harvesting can be optimized for small vegetable gardens, the level of water treatment required to safely irrigate food crops adds dramatically to the cost of a system. For a smaller investment, rainwater harvesting can be effectively used to irrigate landscaping vegetation.

Educative Waterscapes: Stormwater Management Design in San Francisco’s Public Schools / Hayley Diamond, Andrea Gaffney
How can stormwater management design be incorporated into public school campuses to provide ecological and educational benefits while reducing the impacts on San Francisco’s combined sanitary/storm sewer system? Schools in San Francisco have an overwhelming amount of impervious surfaces on their campuses, and the capacity of the combined sanitary storm sewer system in the city has aged to a point of necessary upgrade. These two issues converge on the subject of stormwater management, where a potential synergy exists. Schools are landscapes for education, so why not provide an educative landscape for the school that addresses the city’s infrastructure issue? Demonstration projects for innovative stormwater management not only address flooding issues, they can also educate students and communities about water pollution, water conservation, habitat value, micro-climate value, and benefit the overall aesthetics of a community. Low Impact Design (LID) addresses both the quantity and quality of stormwater runoff through a decentralized approach to stormwater facility sizing and siting. Green stormwater infrastructure facilities, such as rain gardens, swales, and permeable pavers, function to slow down the flow of stormwater over a site, lessening the impact of stormwater on the City’s combined storm sewer system. This paper specifically discusses LID retrofits at two existing public schools in San Francisco, with the purpose of developing a decision-making process for the choice and locations of green infrastructure components in school facilities for environmental and educational benefits. This article includes a case study matrix of schools and other educational facilities that have been retrofitted with green infrastructure projects. The matrix compares project costs, green infrastructure technology types, and educative landscape components of eight different projects that represent a range of the listed variables. This matrix combines with the steps for creating a Stormwater Control Plan, established by the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, to facilitate the decision-making process for school stormwater management retrofit demonstration projects.

Soil, Sand, Peat, Anthracite and Felt: Green Wall Stormwater Detention in San Francisco / Eleanor Pries
This paper assesses contemporary green wall typologies and presents five design strategies for green wall retrofit assemblies that detain and filter stormwater. The detention media--soil, sand, peat, anthracite, and felt--structure the strategies. Each medium’s absorptive capacity is the primary design consideration. The strategies also weigh this absorption capacity with the medium’s associated environmental benefits of water filtration, air filtration, minimized solar gain, urban heat island reduction, weight and appearance. Hydroponic systems using polyamide or polyester felt provide the highest detention capacity and greatest environmental benefit per unit of weight. To illustrate implementation of the strategies, the paper proposes schematic designs for green walls on St. Luke’s Hospital, the Hyatt Hotel, and a multi-family residence in San Francisco, CA. These site-specific green wall designs take into account climate conditions, façade orientation, and building use.

Stormwater Solutions for the Oakland Coliseum Complex / Jesse Jones, Rachel Kraai
The Oakland Coliseum Complex and its associated parking lot currently provide little to no opportunity for stormwater infiltration or cleansing. This vast impermeable surface extends to the edge of two exposed drainage channels that border the site: Damon’s Slough and Arroyo Viejo Creek. Existing site conditions indicate that the stormwater that falls on this surface runs untreated directly into these adjacent waterbodies. In addition to receiving heavy metals and organic compounds from stormwater flows off the parking lot, there is also documentation indicating that Damon’s Slough is heavily impacted by the trash blowing off the Coliseum site. This paper analyzes the site’s conditions and proposes a concept plan for stormwater management which incorporates both the hydrologic and cultural constraints of the site, including the presence of underlying soil contaminants, a planned bicycle and pedestrian path to the north of the site, and the use of the parking lot as a major social gathering spot for the Raider Nation, a sizable cultural group associated with the sports arena. In addition this paper discusses the regulatory context for this stormwater retrofit as well as mechanisms that could be used to impel the redesign of both the Coliseum site and similar sites throughout the urban landscape.

San Francisco Bay Area Rain Garden Soil Specifications: Implications for Mediterranean Climates / Bojana Anglin

Urbanization increases stormwater run-off volumes through the widespread use of impervious surfaces. This leads to localized flooding, water pollution and morphologically degraded water bodies. Rain gardens - a shallow, vegetated form of bioretention - are one strategy for mitigating these hydrologic consequences of urbanization. The application of rain gardens in a Mediterranean climate remains challenging because contrasting wet and dry seasons have significant implications for run-off, infiltration, treatment and plant survival. Soil selection is critical to all of these functions, as it is to the overall longevity of the rain garden. An appropriate soil mix will respond to local conditions, sufficiently infiltrating stormwater to reduce run-off and aerate the plant root zone, while also holding enough plant-available water to reduce irrigation needs during dry periods. Currently, in the San Francisco Bay Area, there exist a range of rain garden soil specifications and little data on relative performance. This research examines differences among current soil specifications by regional agencies and municipalities. Furthermore, it compares infiltration rates, soil texture and plant species between locally sampled rain gardens sites, correlating relative performance with soil specifications. The implications for other Mediterranean climate regions, particularly southern Europe, are significant. While the Water Framework Directive recommends that stormwater be dealt with at the source, the EU and particularly the Mediterranean member states lag in rain garden implementation. A stronger understanding of the soil requirements for Mediterranean-climate rain gardens will advance the design and use of rain gardens both in California and the Mediterranean.

Updating the Rantz 1982 Flood Frequency Relations for the San Francisco Bay Area / John Del Arroz
[Advance abstract unavailable]

Changes in Flood Management along the Pajaro River: A Transition to Watershed Management Approaches and Lessons from the European Union / Stacie Jagger
Multi-objective flood management projects are becoming more critical as river systems become increasingly impaired and the demand for restoration more critical. This study evaluates the change in flood management planning by looking at flow calculation and project design by the Army Corps of Engineers (Army Corps) on Pajaro River and Correlitos Creek from the first levee design in 1945 to the most recent activity in 2004. In order to better understand project design decisions, this study also evaluates the scope of objectives of each of the project plans from the initial flood control project to the more recent whole watershed management study. The trend in flood management from 1945 to current day is a transition from single objective engineering methods regulating flow amounts and flood impacts in specific reaches of the river to a more holistic watershed management approach with multiple objectives. The European Union’s Water Framework Directive and Flood Directive are models for multi objective planning, which work together to improve rivers and streams to good ecological status. The measurements for good ecological status in the WFD and FD are one way to evaluate current planning alternatives proposed for flood management adaptation along the Pajaro River.

Perverse Incentives in Floodplain Management: 1998 Levee Construction in North Stockton / Bruce Barnett
Levees constructed to protect communities in California’s Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta leave governments at risk to the high costs of residual damages that can occur when levees fail. Levees and the communities they were designed to protect are beginning to succumb to pressures brought by complicated systems designed to control or ‘prevent’ flooding. Pressures to levees that compromise structural integrity will come from earthquakes, rising sea levels, and large floods that are expected to increase in frequency and volume as the climates change. Communities also face pressures when considering options to control flooding. These pressures come from Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) policies that create a perverse incentive allowing communities to withdraw from mandatory flood insurance and land use regulations when levees are designed and constructed to withhold a 100-year flood event. Incentive for local governments then shifts from designing communities that better manage future flood events by reducing and spreading risk to designing levees to reduce short-term costs of insurance and development. In 1995 FEMA re-evaluated flood potential in and around the city of Stockton and determined much of the area was in a 100-year flood plain. This spurred area governments, following federal policy, to construct levees in an effort to keep flood insurance rates and development costs low for its residents. A subsequent 1998 legal challenge to the government agencies actions asserted that elements of the plan may increase risks to communities when large scale floods occur and expose more people to risk by allowing more development within the flood plain. It also stressed that the plan did not adequately assess and consider non-structural alternatives such as land use zoning as a flood management tool. Examining the past actions of government agencies near the city of Stockton within the current context of the rapidly changing and fragile Delta system points to opportunities for non-structural alternatives such as land use zoning to address the important balance between what federal policies currently define as flood protection and what is appropriate flood management within the Delta.

Indefinite Deferral: Imagining Salinas Valley’s Subterranean Stream / Daniel Sarna
The omission of groundwater from California’s Water Commission Act of 1914 was a strategic political maneuver that ultimately favored the growth of a labyrinthine administrative network and led to an unsustainable system of resource management. While groundwater was excluded ostensibly to protect constitutional property rights, it was exempted also in order to facilitate unregulated groundwater extraction and unrestrained agricultural productivity. This paper presents a longitudinal case study of Salinas Valley groundwater management in order to closely examine how administrative systems have developed under California Water Law. The Monterey County Water Resources Agency has been forced to reconcile its constituents’ resistance to restraints on groundwater pumping with its task of combating saltwater intrusion. Though the Agency has made significant progress in its understanding of the basin’s hydrogeologic dynamics, its initiatives have been confined to supply augmentation measures by the basin’s vested agricultural and economic interests. As California searches urgently for more efficient ways of managing its groundwater resources, it is forced to navigate a complicated institutional terrain and confront deeply entrenched legal and economic systems. This case-study demonstrates the simultaneous difficulty and importance of designing legal and political systems that are aligned with scientific understanding, environmental priorities, and socio-economic interests.

The Water-Energy Nexus: Costs of Inter-Basin Water Conveyance / Laura Tepper
The relationship between energy and water supply has historically stayed below the radar of decision makers. However, water use continually consumes power en route from its source to its disposal. In California, the large distances water often has to travel means that water use can be particularly consumptive depending on the location of its source and end user. However, the inverse can also apply; certain conveyance systems have proved not only efficient, but productive. This paper looks at a series of water conveyance systems in California and the relationship between the quantities of water they deliver and the energy they consume or generate. In particular the energy intensity of the Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct and the State Water Project can inform searches for new water supply channels, whether local or imported.

Climate Change and Water Resources in California: The Cost of Conservation versus Supply Augmentation for the East Bay Municipal Utility District / Bessma Mourad
This paper compares the cost per acre-foot to the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) of conservation versus an increase in size of Pardee Reservoir. The paper analyzes two components of the EBMUD’s 2009 Water Plan for meeting demands in 2040: promoting more rigorous conservation methods for its customers, and increasing the size of Pardee Reservoir by the construction of a new dam ¾ mile downstream from the existing location. The paper reviews publications by EBMUD, and its hired consultants, for estimates of the costs associated with both conservation and supply augmentation. Literature regarding climate change and adaptation is drawn on to help frame the issue, and a brief discussion on environmental costs of dams and barriers to conservation, illustrate the challenges with each option.
ABOUT THE PANELISTS

Shay Boutillier
Shay Boutillier holds Masters Degrees in both Landscape Architecture and City and Regional Planning from UC Berkeley. Her graduate thesis research focused on assessing regional and site specific storm water management issues in French Polynesia, with outcomes for both policy changes and implementation of physical measures to control runoff using local materials. Shay began her planning career in 2005 with Berkeley firm Design Community &Environment. Currently, Shay is an Associate Environmental Specialist with the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency Erosion Control Team and works to implement the BMP Retrofit Program for private property in the Tahoe Basin.

Holly Cronin
Holly Cronin is a Senior Hydroelectric Power and Utility Engineer working for the Department of Water Resources (DWR). She is responsible for the greenhouse gas reporting and legislative requirements for DWR, especially as they relate to the State Water Project’s energy profile. Before this program was created, she managed the State Water Project’s Resource Adequacy program, and was involved in the state and federal regulatory proceedings and filings related to the State Water Project’s power management program. Previously, she managed DWR’s telecommunications network, the natural gas hedging and physical gas contracts for the California Energy Resources Scheduling Division, and implemented the State Water Project’s SCADA control systems user interface upgrades. She graduated from California State University, Sacramento with a B.S. in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, a B.A. in Economics, and a B.A. in Anthropology. She is currently pursuing a law degree from Taft University in Southern California.

Barry Hecht
Barry Hecht is senior principal hydrologist at Balance Hydrologics in Berkeley. He has been consulting for 35 years in the feasibility and design of habitat-hydrology and channel-restoration efforts. His background is in both geomorphology and hydrogeology, with strong interests in changes in channel corridors following dynamic episodes such as wildland fires, droughts, and floods, as well as land-use changes. He has been known to get especially excited about assessing interaction of streams and wetlands with shallow ground water. Prior to helping form Balance in 1988, Barry worked with USGS and Forest Service bedload-transport research teams, taught at UC Santa Cruz, was a land-management advisor to a number of Native Corporations in Alaska, and served as chief hydrologist for a national consulting firm. Since 1979, he has been the lead geomorphologist in the monitoring and management of Lagunitas Creek, one streams being discussed today, and a channel that will always bring a twinkle to his eyes.

Alex Horne
Professor Horne teaches an undergraduate course in aquatic ecology, a field course in engineering ecology, and a lecture course on advanced topics in limnology and oceanography. His research emphasizes quantification of environmental and ecological problems to define engineered solutions. Some of the problems tackled have been the in situ measurement of toxic and biostimulatory effects of highly-treated wastewaters in estuaries, rivers, wetlands, lakes, reservoirs, and oceans. Effects of heavy metals, oil spills, chlorinated wastewaters, and selenium have been studied recently. Emphasis has been on indigenous organism communities rather than individual organisms from laboratory cultures. The effects of water volume, timing of water withdrawals, and water quality on reservoir problems including taste and odor and eutrophication are of current interest. Special attention has- been given to teaching students high precision but "low tech" methodology which allows many more samples to be analyzed. In turn this permits statistically significant detection of small environmental effects. Current work on water quality in reservoirs and the design of new reservoirs emphasizes problems in semi-arid regions such as Southern and Central California.

Neil Lassettre
Neil has a background in aquatic and riparian ecology, and geomorphology, and is currently a scientist with Stillwater Sciences. His interests lie in environmental river management and the effect of land use on rivers and streams. He began by studying coho salmon and steelhead ecology, and large woody debris (LWD) dynamics along the California Central Coast for his MS at San Jose State University, evaluating the effectiveness of instream structures to create fish habitat, and for his PhD at UC Berkeley, where he examined basin-scale LWD dynamics and management. He explored similar topics along a tributary to the Rhone River as a Fulbright Fellow to France in 2003-2004. At Stillwater, he specializes in projects that use interdisciplinary, process-based approaches to examine basin-scale issues and set management and restoration priorities, and has worked on projects throughout California, Oregon, and Washington.

ABOUT THE CLASS: Restoration of Rivers and Streams (LA227)

Hydrology for Planners (Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning 222) has been offered annually since 1973, when Luna Leopold introduced the course to the Berkeley campus. This graduate-level course, taught by Associate Professor Matt Kondolf, presents an overview of relevant hydrologic, hydraulic, and geomorphic processes, to provide the planner, ecologist, architect, and environmental scientist with insight sufficient to coordinate with technical specialists in the field of hydrology. The course also reviews relevant regulations and policies, and presents case studies illustrating hydrologic principles and measurement methods. The course is not intended to duplicate more specialized courses offered in such fields as engineering hydrology, coastal engineering, or geology, but rather to provide an integrated overview. The course takes a process- and field-based approach to hydrology, and emphasizes interdisciplinary perspectives. After eight field and laboratory exercises presenting methods in the field, the students undertake a substantial independent term project involving original research. All the term projects undergo peer and instructor review, revision, and are then added to the permanent collection of the UC Water Resources Collections and Archives. Most projects since 2004 are also available on-line at http://repositories.cdlib.org/wrca/

Last modified: 5/27/2011 9:10 AM by S. Haren

UCR Contact Information

Water Resources Collections and Archives
Tomás Rivera Library, 4th Floor
PO Box 5900
University of California
Riverside, CA 92517-5900

Tel: 951-827-3233    Fax: 951-827-4673    email Email

CSUSB Contact Information

Water Resources Institute, CSUSB
Boykin Witherspoon III, Institute Director
California State University, San Bernardino
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San Bernardino CA 92407-2318

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