China’s Water Issues in a New Era: Challenges and Policy Directions
Presented in cooperation with the UCR School of Public Policy
"China's Water Issues in a New Era: Challenges and Policy Directions"
Presentation: Dajun Shen (Fulbright Fellow, UCR School of Public Policy; Professor, School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China )
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After 40 years of fast economic development since the late 1970s, China has entered into a new era which is characterized by lower economic development, upgrade of its industrial structure, and lower population growth with fast urbanization. These economic and population changes have a profound impact on the water sector. The total water use of the country has been stabilized in recent years, but with increasing domestic water use and decreasing agricultural water use. The occurrence of quality-related issues, such as water pollution and reduced quality, increase in ecological water supply, importance of water supply reliability etc., are significant. Therefore, both the infrastructural and non-structural methods for regulation of water supply and use have been reformed to deal with such challenges. The infrastructure needed to connect current projects saw a boost in investment after 2010 in order to improve reliability while increasing supply. The management aspects of water resources have been strengthened more than ever with the implementation of the strictest water resources management strategy in 2009, and the introduction of river/lake-regulatory system after 2016. At the same time, the water-related governmental was restructured in 2018 to reflect such reforms as well.
Dajun Shen, is a Fulbright Fellow at UCR, and Professor at School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China; and a well-known China’s water resources management professional. His research focuses on water resources management, including water pricing, water rights system and water resources management institution. He is experienced and has been deeply involved in China’s water sector reforms in the recent 20 years. He is one of the key contributors to developing the strictest water resources management strategy and the water resources management ‘three-redlines’ in 2009, and to establishing water rights system for China after 2006. Till now, he has finished more than 30 projects, and published 10 books and more than 60 papers.